Dehradun Nestled in the mountain ranges of the Himalaya, Dehradun is one of the oldest cities of India and currently capital of new born state Uttranchal. Also known as the “Abode of Drona”, Dehradun has always been an important center of the Garhwal rules which was captured by the British. The headquarters of many National Institutes like ONGC, Survey of India, I.I.P. etc. are located in the city. Dehradun has a string of premier educational institutes like the Forest Research Institute, Rashtriya Indian Military College and the Indian Military Academy.
Mussoorie with its green hills and varied Flora and Fauna, is a fascinating hill resort. Commanding a wonderful view of extensive Himalaya snow ranges to the northeast, and glittering views of the Doon Valley, Roorki, Saharabpur and Haridwar to the south, the town presents a fairy land atmosphere to the tourists. Its history back to 1827 when Captain Young, an adventures military officer, explore the present site and laid the foundation of this holiday resort which now has few rivals. Mussoorie is famous for its scenic beauty and hectic social life. It provides all kind of amusement and every facility for domestic and foreign tourist.Mussoorie is conveniently connected by road to Delhi and by other major Cities and is also a “Gateway” to Yamunotri and Gangotri shrines.
The snow – laden mountains of Khirsu tempt the tourist in winters, while the panoramic view of Central Himalayas attracts tourists in summers, when one can get a clear view of 300 named and unnamed peaks. Located 19 kms. away from Pauri at an altitude of 1700 mts. Khirsu is a peaceful spot of Himalayas and free from pollution. The tranquility of the adjoining thick Oak and Deodar forests and apple orchards, is only broken by chirping birds. The ancient temple of Ghandiyal Devta in the vicinity is well worth a visit.
Lansdowne was originally a popular hill station with the Britishers. Attracted by its salubrious climate and natural beauty the established a cantonment here. The famous Garhwal rifles of the Indian army also has its command office here.Lansdowne is situated at an altitude of 1706 mts., just 37 km. from Kotdwar. Surrounded by thick oak and blue pine forests, It is very charming for a quite holiday as it is devoid of the usual hustle and bustle of hill station.
Pauri provides a panoramic view of the snow clad Himalayas peak of Bandar Poonch, Swarga Rohini, Jonli, Gangotri Group, Jogin Group Thalaiya – Sagar, Kedarnath, Kharcha Kund, Sumeru, Satopanth, Chaukhamba, Neelkanth, Ghauriparvat, Hathiparvat, Nanda Devi and Trisul.
You haven’t ever heard about Chopta. A destination nestled in the rhododendron and oak forests of the lower Garhwal Himalayan, Chopta is an alpine meadow straight out of a Swiss calendar. Away from the pilgrim highway, at a height of 2,500 m, Chopta is one of those little tucked-away places which many travellers pass by, simply because they don’t know about it. Part of a protected sanctuary, the lone road which ran through it not long ago has since been shut down, leaving the deodars, pines, oaks and rhododendrons to flourish into a wilderness not found anywhere in the Himalayas.
About 3 kms. from Baijnath, the main highway goes to Bageshwar and a side road branches off to Gwaldam. This is delightful route as besides the presence of birds, adding a winsome note, one passes through terraced field and thick pines set against a backdrop of the Himalayas, and one can watch the Trishul peaks coming even closer. Gwaldam with its salubrious climate is a little heaven nestling in the words.
This is a winter seat of Lord Krishna, and worship is done here is during the winter when the temple of Kadarnath remains closed. The temple of Usha and Anniruddha, Shiva and Parvati are worth visiting. Ukhimath is situated on Guptkashi Gopeshwar motor road. It is at a distance of 1.2 kms. from the district headqaurter of Rudraprayag at an elevation of 1311 mts. Ukhimath is connected by direct bus service with Rudraprayag Gaurikund, Guptkashi & Srinagar. From Ukhimath on a clear day one can see the beautiful view of Kedarnath peak, Chaukhamba & other green beautiful valley.
Adi Guru Sankaracharya, who came all the way from Kerala in the 8th century A.D., performed penance under a tree and after attaining enlightenment, established a Math, (religious center), known as ‘Jyotirmath’.
The name Joshimath is derived from it. Temples of Narsingh Dev and Nav Durga is located here. Of special scenic interest are orchards of apple, apricots, lemons and maltas spread all over. Badrinath is just 44 km. from here. Joshimath is also Gatway of Badrinath.
Har ki Dun
At an elevation of 3566 mts. It is surrounding by glittering peaks and dense forests. The forests are rich in wildlife and is a veritable paradise for bird – watchers and nature lovers. The trek from Taluka to Osla is through dense forests of chestnuts, walnuts, willows and chinars. The trek from Sema to Har-Ki-Dun is through terraced mountain fields, lush green grassy land and conifer forests.
30 kms. from Pauri situated on the bank of Alaknanda river Srinagar was once the capital of the Garhwal Kings before the arrival of British. Even today it is the biggest township of the district and is the seat of the Garhwal University. It is located of the junction of roads from Kotdwar, Rishikesh, Tehri Garhwal and Badrinath.
Rishikesh also known as the ‘Place of Sages’ is a spiritual town situated 24 kms. upstream from Haridwar, at the confluence of the Chandrabhaga and Ganga, It is believed that God by the name of ‘Hrishikesh’ had apeared as an answer to the hard penances by Rabhiya Rishi and henceforth the place derived its name. It is starting point for Char Dham pilgrimage and an ideal destination for not only for pilgrims but also for the people who are interested in meditation, yoga and other aspects of Hinduism.
92 kms. from Dehradun and 73 kms. from Mussoorie at 2118 meters rests Chakrata, once a cantonment town in Brithish India. One look at Chakrata and it becomes clear that it place is blessed to the eternal home of natural beauty. Virgin forests of conifers, rhododendrons and oaks are best suited for long walks. Alongside these forests picturesque village of Jaunsari tribe compliments, and in the overpowering Kharamba peak (3084 mts.) Chakrata has its share of Alps too. On its northern slope is situated Mundali (2776 mts.) where skiing is possible during November to April.